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Erectile Dysfunction: Everything You Need to Know

Erectile dysfunction can be a cringe-worthy phrase, but do you really know what it is?

Let’s take a look!

Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is categorized as an inability to get and keep an erection that is firm enough for sex. If these symptoms happen occasionally it’s not something to be concerned about, but if it’s occurring frequently it could be a sign of a more serious underlying medical issue such as a heart condition.

Symptoms include:

  • Low sexual desire
  • Trouble getting an erection
  • Trouble keeping an erection

Erectile Dysfunction does not just occur in the elderly population. Studies show ED affects 26% of men under the age of 40 and by age 50 affects nearly 50% of men . You are not alone!

It is important to understand that available statistics most often include cisgender men, however, ED can affect anyone with a penis. While statistics do not usually include the gender diverse population, this article and the information provided is for all genders.

What Are Erectile Dysfunction Causes?

Erectile dysfunction symptoms can occur for a variety of reasons including but not limited to:

  • Vascular causes: diseases that affect the heart and or arteries that compromise blood flow to the penis
  • Neurological causes: damage to the nerves that send signals to the penis
  • Psychological causes: anxiety, depression and other mental health factors
  • Trauma: an injury to the area
  • Chronic illnesses: such as kidney disease
  • Medications: certain medications such as antidepressants or blood pressure medication
  • Surgery: having a surgical procedure on or near the prostate, bladder or colon

How Is Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosed?

Yes! The great news is that erectile dysfunction can be diagnosed through a variety of simple tests at your doctor’s office. Most often ED can be diagnosed through a thorough verbal medical history and physical examination. But sometimes more assessments are necessary if your provider feels you have an underlying condition or chronic illness contributing to your problem. Here are some common tests you should be prepared for:

  • Blood test
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Ultrasound
  • Urine test

What Are Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction?

Once the cause is identified your provider will outline a treatment plan. This will determine what course of action you take. In general, exercise and living a healthy lifestyle through dietary changes and a nutrition plan can improve ED. Your provider will help you decide what’s best for you. Options may include:

  • Oral medication, commonly called erectile dysfunction pills
  • Injections
  • Urethral suppositories
  • Penis pumps
  • Penile implants
  • Alternative medicine
  • Psychological counseling, in some cases with a sex therapist
  • Surgery is available for serious cases after proper medical treatment and doctor recommendation

Never Fear: Dr. Laura is Here!

As a physical therapist, I have many ways to help individuals suffering with ED. Let’s take a look at two simple tools…exercise and penis pumps!


When it comes to ED it’s not all about kegels or pelvic floor muscle strengthening. Your pelvic floor consists of 26 muscles with slow twitch and fast twitch muscle fibers. Think of it as marathon runners and sprinters. For a proper erection you need both of those working. For the best results you need to contract your pelvic muscles while also breathing and having an erection. It’s not as hard as it sounds! I have created a list of three simple exercises to help you improve your ED symptoms today. Check it out!

Penis Pumps

There are a lot of penis pumps on the market but they are not all created equally. An effective penis pump has a vacuum limiter so the pressure does not get too high and injure your penis. Once your manual or battery powered pump has sucked out all the air and achieved an erection you will place a tension ring on the base of your penis to help maintain the erection. When using a penis pump some bruising may occur and your penis may feel cool to the touch. Take a look at my recommended options below.

Manual pump Option

Battery Powered Option

Erectile dysfunction is not a death sentence to your sex life nor something to be ashamed about. Many individuals experience ED and therefore there are many treatment options and medical professionals available to help. If you struggle with ED and want to improve your condition today!

Extra References

All the Deets on Prostate Cancer No One Ever Told You!

Quick Guide: Chronic Pelvic Pain

4 Can’t Beat Products for Pelvic Floor Tension Self-Treatment Let’s Connect!


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